The nation of Georgia has been invaded and occupied by multiple cultures over time. The country was unified in the 8th to 9th century, under the reign of the Bagrationi dynasty. In 1490, Georgia was fragmented into several petty kingdoms and principalities. This is when they were invaded by the Persians, who ruled for centuries till Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1801.
Georgia then became part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic from 1922 to 1936, after which the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was formed. This went on till the Soviet Union was dissolved, though Russia still had a hold over Georgia, till 1991, when it finally became independent. Tensions continued with Russia, but Georgia gradually grew into a streamlined, successful economy, with multiple mineral exports to different countries. Georgia is also making a healthy entry into tourism lately, and hopes to convert tourism into a major industry.